The comprehensive study on power plants in Indonesia. Based on the available data, the total capacity of power plants in Indonesia was 43.5 gigawatt (GW), comprised of 35.8 GW was managed by PLN and 7.6 GW was managed by IPP (Independent Power Producer). Based on the projection on Indonesia economic growth at 6-7% per year, thus in 2019, Indonesia will require some 35 GW or 7 GW per year as additional electric capacity.
The electricity program becomes a national strategic program to be confirmed as National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019. The 35 GW is required absolutely to support national economic growth and the government has committed to realize the supply of electricity at 35 GW up to 2019. In realizing the program, some regulations have been issued and enforced.
In the period of 2015-2019, the government, PLN and private companies will develop some 164 power plants, consisting of 70 projects will be developed by PLN with a total capacity of 10 GW and some 94 projects will be developed by IPP/private companies with a total capacity of 25 GW. Further, in 2015 PLN has signed a contract with 10 GW all together with its distribution transmissions as the first stage of all amount of 35 GW. By the additional electric power together with its transmission networks, the national demand will be sufficient, therefore in 2019 the electrification ratio will reach 97%.