Industry & Marketing Prospect of HORTICULTURE in Indonesia, Horticultural products has several advantages such as high value, diversity, and the market demand at home and abroad that continue to increase both in the fresh and processed form.
The problem is that this condition has not been used optimally. Therefore, in order to strengthen the development of horticulture, the Ministry of Agriculture has set as many as 323 types of horticultural products including 60 types of fruits, 80 kinds of vegetables, 66 kinds of medicinal plants, and 117 species of ornamental plants to be developed in Indonesia.
Among the various types of horticultural commodities, there are 18 types of major horticultural commodities such as chili, onion, potato, eggplant, carrots, Tomatooes, oranges, mango, avocado, mangosteen, banana, durian, ginger, cardamom. The commodity becomes a major strategic commodity that gets the attention of the central government in its efforts to stabilize prices through increased production and improved quality of products.
To push the product, the government implemented GAP (Good Agriculture Practices) and GHP (Good Handling Practices). The seriousness of the government in the implementation of GAP in Indonesia is supported by the publication of the Minister of Agriculture No. 48 / Permentan / OT.140 / 10/2009, dated October 19, 2009 on Fruit and Vegetable Cultivation Guidelines (Good Agricultural Practices For Fruit and Vegetable). Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture Number 57 / Permentan / OT.140 / 9/2012 on Guidelines for Good Agriculture Practices for Medicinal Crops.
To increase production capacity, as well as agricultural productivity, especially horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture (Ministry of Agriculture) in 2016 has increased the budget for horticulture to Rp 1.14 trillion from Rp 1.3 trillion in the previous year.
This report is based on two sources, namely primary and secondary data. Primary data was obtained from the horticultural industry players in Indonesia, while secondary data obtained from government agencies such as the Ministry of Agriculture, the Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Finance and bank data in BIZTEKA-CCI.