Seaweed is one of the potential marine commodities for Indonesia. Seaweed that grows in Indonesian waters, from the islands of Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Suluwesi, Bali to Papua has quite high economic value.
Even Eastern Indonesia such as Sulawesi, Maluku, Aceh, Bangka Belitung, Papua is now the largest producer of seaweed in Indonesia. So it is not surprising that in the past five years seaweed production has increased by an average of 2.89%.
Indonesia is currently one of the world’s seaweed exporters after China. Even Indonesian seaweed products have been widely used by a number of food, beverage, pharmaceutical, cosmetics industries worldwide.
Although seaweed is abundant and production continues to increase, this industry has quite complex homework, including the low productivity of seaweed at the farm level, the low absorption rate of seaweed commodities for domestic production and the low added value of Indonesian seaweed products.
The Indonesian Seaweed Industry Association (ASTRULI) even states that Indonesia is still lagging behind the Philippines from its economic value, because seaweed exported from the Philippines is processed products, while Indonesia exports raw seaweed in the form of dried seaweed, jelly flour, agarganan, alginate.
Seeing this, BIZTEKA is interested in writing more deeply about the seaweed industry cultivation business in Indonesia. To support the discussion, the writing of this special report uses secondary data from relevant agencies such as the Indonesian Seaweed Industry Association (ASTRULI), the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) and also direct information from related parties.